The Development of China's Local Regime in Rural Society

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The local regime in the Chinese rural areas is varied from evolving time periods. In general, there are three major tasks of local regime, including economic function, administrative function, and cultural function. These three kinds of function constitute the bone and blood of the rural regime, mapping the power structure of the local political body. Because of the Chinese party-state system, the institution building of the rural regime also reflects party dominance over the governmental office. The Communist Party Secretary plays the key role in both of the town and the township governments, in which the township official is the lowest-level ranked official in the Communist Party government hierarchy. In the lower level, Village Committee is the main official body for public affairs. It is the most significant domain for liberal democracy experience for China, given many popular elections and civil activities practiced in the last decade in the villages. This book utilizes the relevant research findings and put into further exploration on the major issues of the development of the Chinese local regime. The framework is built into two time periods separated by 1978, in which reforms were introduced. The analyzing tool is through economic function, administrative function, and cultural function of local regime. The very well recognized method of the Futures Studies, Causal Layered Analysis (CLA)is used to dig and define the four levels of Litiany, Systemetic, Worldview/Discourse, and Myth/Metaphor on the main theme of this book. It is expected to contribute to the better and clear understanding for this emerging development along the China’s rising. There are five parts of this book, in which the first part discusses local regime in rural society and CLA method. The second part opens with the institutional review on the Chinese local regime of the People’s Commune era. The third part continues the institutional review extending to reform after 1978, which introduced new structural frameworks in the three major functions; economic, administrative, and cultural of the local regime. The forth part further examines the rural reform after 1978, through numerous Chinese and Western theories and to explore the issues and problems resulted from the real practices. The last part focuses on the broad impact of the reform on the rural society on social, economic, and political aspects. We use CLA to define the essence of the major issues and provide more diversified lens to see them. Keywords: rural regime, People's Commune, rural institution reform 、town and township governments, village committee, Causal Layered Analysis (CLA)

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